Sunset : Estuary of Tzengwen River
In the Chiku village of the Tainan county, to the north of Tainan and on the south west coast of Taiwan. Bounded by the Tzengwen Creek in the south and the Jiangjiun Creek in the north. The Chiku Wetlands lies on 20 kilometers of the south west coast of Taiwan and has a total area of over 5000 hectares.
sandbanks; lagoons (the largest is the Chiku Lagoon with an area of around 1700 hectares); fishponds ; salt ponds
The world's most important winter site for the black-faced spoonbills is in the esturary of the Tzengwen creek, about 3 km south of the Chiku Lagoon, 276 black-faced spoonbills were recorded in 1995 while the population in 1995 wass estimated to be around 400. The recorded feeding grounds of the black-faced spoonbills include the fishponds and salt ponds in the Chiku Wetlands as well as the Chiku Lagoon.
There are at least two regular breeding sites of little ergrets and black-crowned night herons. They are on the sandbanks in the west of the Chiku Lagoon. The estimated population of little egrets around the Chiku Wetlands is about 100000, they probably outnumber the little egrets in the rest of eastern Asia.
The Chiku Wetlands are the winter sites for numerous migratory waterfowl including; family anatidae (ducks and geese); family charadriidae (plovers); family scolopacidae (sandpipers, stints, curlews, redshanks and greenshanks); family laridae (terns and gulls). In the summer the Chiku Wetlands also provide the breeding sites for numerous migratory and local waterfowl, e.g. black-winged stilts; large indian pratincole; Kentish plover.
Three kinds of mangroves are distributed around the wetlands. They are Lumnitzera racemosa, Avicennia marina and Kandelia candel.
The lagoons are mainly used for oyster farming and fishing with fixed fishing-nets . The oyster farming also occurs in the tidal_ditches sprawling around this area. Except lagoons, the rest of the Chiku Wetlands are mainly fishponds and saltponds.