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Professor, ChairKuang Yao Lo

  • Position Professor, Chair
    Name Kuang Yao Lo
    Ext 36454
    Office 65261
    Education National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan
    E-mail kuanglo@mail.ncku.edu.tw
    Speciality Nonlinear optics, semiconductor thin film, interface and surface analyses, sensor and its physics
  • 單位職稱 物理系 教授兼系主任
    電話 65261
    電子郵件 kuanglo@mail.ncku.edu.tw
    專長 非線性光學,半導體薄膜分析,材料表面介面光電分析,新穎光電元件
  • 最高學歷
    • 國立清華大學博士
    • 台灣物理學會常務理事
    • 中華民國物理教育學會理事
    • 嘉義大學電子物理系系主任
    • 嘉義大學電子物理系教授
  • 編號 畢業年份 姓名 學位 畢業論文 共同指導
    18 2018 蔡松達 碩士    
    17 2018 吳宗哲 碩士    
    16 2018 顧若桐 碩士    
    15 2017 凃凱騰 碩士    
    14 2017 紀盛鐘 碩士    
    13 2016 黃柏嘉 碩士    
    12 2016 高儷綺 碩士    
    11 2016 張峰銘 碩士    
    10 2015 吳宗哲 學士    
    9 2015 鄭峰盛 學士    
    8 2015 黃柏霈 碩士    
    7 2015 楊書寧 碩士    
    6 2015 李阜穎 碩士    
    5 2015 王循凱 碩士    
    4 2014 楊祺瑋 學士    
    3 2014 黃弘儒 碩士    
    2 2014 陳世軒 學士    
    1 2014 劉宗維 博士    
  • 編號 計劃名稱(編號) 執行期間 補助單位 擔任職務
    20 Expected B concentration and adaptive Ge ratio in SiGe source/drain 106/3/1
    台積電 主持人
    19 具創新性及實踐性K物理實驗課程 107/8/1
    教育部 主持人
    18 科普活動:台南全民科學週及廟口學科學(主題三) 107/8/1
    科技部 主持人
    17 以反射二次諧波方式研究奈米鋅顆粒表面初期氧化與還原過程與其光催化反應 (1/2) 107/8/1
    科技部 主持人
    16 科普活動:台南市全民科學週—國中探究式科普活動 106/8/1
    科技部 主持人
    15 氧化過程中在鋅量子點表面之動態結構極化強度之轉變 106/8/1
    科技部 主持人
    14 科普活動:啟發思考的科普活動—台南市全民科學週 105/8/1
    科技部 主持人
    13 Modeling of Ge loss in B doped SiGe and interface of TiSix/ B doped SiGe by surface and optical methodology 105/3/1
    台積電 主持人
    12 即時觀察同調成長在Si(111)上鋅量子點之氧化過程:鋅量子點之結構與應變的演進過程 105/8/1
    科技部 主持人
    11 Interface Engineering and Characterization: metals, insulators, and semiconductors Process challenges for (1) the high-quality of B implanted junction and(2) well orientation domain of copper below 20nm fabrication 104/09/01
    ~ 105/08/31
    台積電 主持人
    10 科普活動:全民科學週-台南市國中全民科學週之推動 104/8/1
    科技部 主持人
    9 以非線性光學方式即時分析基板溫度對於量子點與薄膜成核之影響 (3 Years) 102/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    8 以非線性光學方式研究氧化鋅奈米點成長於Si(111)之成長機制與晶格軸向同調性(3 Years) 99/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    7 染料摻雜液晶之光激發現象的動態分析(3 years) 96/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    6 以線性及非線性光學方式研究半導體薄膜之應力(2 years) 94/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    5 半導體超薄膜之非線性光學研究(3 years) 91/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    4 METHYL RED 染料在聚合物穩定膽固醇液晶薄膜之光電特性研究 89/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    3 利用二次諧波來研究III-V族半導體的異質介面研究 88/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    2 利用從離子佈植後之矽晶的反射二次諧波來分析其退火後再結晶的情況 87/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    1 以反射二次諧波來偵測及分析矽晶片之離子分佈研究 86/8/1
    國科會 主持人
    1. J.T. Lue, K.Y. Lo, C.C. Tzeng, "Optical Second Generation from Unbiased Single Ga1-xAlxAs Quantum Wells with Symmertical Structures", IEEE J. Quantum Electronics, 28, 302 (1992).
    2. J.T. Lue, K.Y. Lo, S.K. Ma, C.L. Cheh, C.S. Chang, "Electric-Field Controllable Photoluminescence in Porous Silicon", Solid State Communications, 86, 593 (1993).
    3. K.Y. Lo, J.T. Lue, "The Optical Second Generation from Porous Silicon", IEEE Photonic Technology Letters, 5, 651 (1993).
    4. K.Y. Lo, J.T. Lue, "The Detection of Optical 2nd Harmonic Generation from High Tc YBa2Cu3O7 Epitaxial Thin Film", to be published in IEEE Photonic Technology Letters, 6, 1362 (1994).
    5. K.Y. Lo, J.T. Lue, "The Quantum Size Effect on the Optical Second Generation of small Metallic Particles", Physical Review B, 51, 2467 (1995).
    6. Andy Y.G. Fun, M.S. Tsai, Y.H. Fan, C.R. Lee and K.Y. Lo, “Dynamic studies of polymerization in Liquid crystal-polymer mixtures”, (1999), Journal of Applied Physics. 86, 6652, (1999).
    7. Andy Y.G. Fuh, C.C. Liao, C.J. Lee, K.J Shyu, K.Y. Lo ”Dynamical studies of two-beam coupling on the holographic gratrings based on liquid crystal-polymer composite films”, Optics Communications, 187, 193 (2000)
    8. Y.L.Wang, Y.L.Cheng, J.K.Lan, K.Y.Lo, C.P.Liu and J.K.Wang, “Characterization and Relaibility of Low Dielectric Constant Fluorosilicate Glass and silicon Rich Oxide process for Sub-0.15 Micron Device Application” Thin Solid Films”, 398-399, 533 (2001)
    9. J.K.Lan, Y.L.Wang, C.G.Chau, K.Y.Lo, C.P.Liu,Y.L.Wu and H.C.Liu, “Integration of MOCVD Titanium nitride with Collimated and ion Metal Plasma titanium for 0.18 um Logic Process” Thin Solid Films”, 398-399, 544 (2001)
    10. K.Y. Lo*, Y.L. Wang and J.D. Jin”, “The technology for Analyzing the Conditions of Rapid Thermal Annealing (RTA) by Optical Second Harmonic Generation”, Thin Solid Films, 420-421, 345 (2002)
    11. K.Y. Lo*, C.Y. Huang, G.C. Hsu, H.T. Hsu and Andy Y.G. Fuh, 2003, “Study of the Dye Doped Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Texture films”, Jpn J. Appl. Phys., 42, 3531. (2003)
    12. C.Y Huang, K.Y. Lo and M.S. Tsai, “Bistable transflective cholesteric light shutters”, Optics Express, 11, 560. (2003)
    13. C.S. Chen, J.T. Lue, C.L. Wu, S. Gwo and K.Y. Lo, “A study of surface and interlayer structures of epitaxially grown group-III nitride compound films on Si(111) substrates by Second Harmonic Generation”, J. Phys.:Condens. Matter., 15, 6537.(2003)
    14. K.W.Chen , Y.L.Wang, C.P. Liu, Kevin Yang, L. Chang, K.Y. Lo, C.W. Liu, “Evaluation of Advanced Chemical Mechanical Planarization Techniques for Copper Damascene Interconnect” Thin Solid Film, 447, 531.(2004)
    15. T.C. Wang, T.E. Hsieh, Y.L. Wang, Y.L. Wu, K.Y. Lo, C.W. Liu and K.W. Chen, “Copper surface protention with a completely enclosed copper structure for a damascene process”, Thin Solid Films, 447, 542. (2004)
    16. R.C. Chang, S.Y. Chu, K.Y. Lo, S.C. Lo and Y.R. Huang, “Physical and Structural Properties of RFMagnetron Sputtered ZnO Films” Integrated Ferroelectrics, 69, 43. (2005)
    17. C.Y. Huang, C.Y. Hu, H.C. Pan and K.Y. Lo, “Electrooptical Responses of Carbon Nanotube-Doped Liquid Crystal Devices”, Japan Journal of Applid Physics, 44, 8077 (2005).
    18. K.Y. Lo*, “Study on the Rapid Thermal Annealing Process of the low-energy Arsenic and Phosphorous ion implanted Silicon by Reflective Second Harmonic Generation“, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 38, 3926 (2005).
    19. K.Y. Lo*, C.C. Shiah and C.Y. Huang “The actual capacitance function of the nematic liquid crystal cell”, Japan Journal of Applid Physics, 45, 891 (2006)
    20. K.Y. Lo*, S.C. Lo, S.Y. Chu, R.C. Chang and C.F. Yu, “Analysis of the Growth of RF Sputtered ZnO Thin Films using the Optical Reflective Second Harmonic Generation”, Journal of Crystal Growth, 290, 532 (2006)
    21. K.Y. Lo*, C.Y. Huang, T.H. Chu, C.J. Hsu, C.H. Lin and Andy Y.G. Fuh, “Variation of Nematic Liquid Crystal on a silver surface”, Journal of Optics A : Pure and Applied Optics, 8, 501 (2006)
    22. K.Y. Lo* and C.Y. Huang, “Observation of transient reorientation of dye-doped liquid crystals by pumped attenuated total reflection “, Applied Physics Letters, 89, 081114, (2006)
    23. K.Y. Lo* and C. Y. Huang, “Dynamics of the photoexictation of azo dye-doped liquid crystals probing by pumped attenuated total reflection”, SPIE Eurpoean proceeding, 6587, 65870R-1 (2007)
    24. K.Y. Lo and Y. J. Huang, Jung Y. Huang, Z.C. Feng, William E. Fenwick, M. Pan and I.T. Ferguson, “Reflective Second Harmonic Generation from ZnO thin films: A study on the Zn-O bonding”, Applied Physics Letters, 90, 161904, (2007)
    25. K.Y. Lo*, and Y.J. Huang, “Annealing influences on Phosphorous ion implanted Vicinal Si(111) Studied using Reflective Second Harmonic Generation“, Physical Review B, 76, 035306 (2007)
    26. C.C. Huang, J.L. Huang, Y.L. Wang and K.Y. Lo, “Study of pretreatment prior to silicon-oxycarbide deposition on Cu interconnect”, J. Vacuum Science & Technology B, 26, 96 (2008)
    27. J.C. Tsao, C.P. Liu, Y.L. Wang, K.W. Chen and K.Y. Lo, “Mechanism of over-etching defects during Ta/TaN barrier resputtering in micro-trench for Cu metallization”, J. Phys. Chem. of Solids, 69, 561 (2008)
    28. K.W. Chen, Y.L. Wang, J.C. Tsao, and K.Y. Lo, “The Integration Solution of Copper Barrier Deposition for Nanometer Interconnect Process”, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 8, 2500 (2008)
    29. C.Y. Huang, C.C. Lai, Y.H. Tseng, Y.T. Yang, J.R. Tian and K.Y. Lo “Silica-nanoparticle-doped nematic display with multistable and dynamic modes”, Applied Physics Letters 92, 221908 (2008).
    30. S.A Huang, K.Y. Lo*, L.H. Hsu and K.M. Hung, “Precipitation analysis on phosphorus -implanted silicon by reflective spectrum”, Applied Physical Letter, 92, 061901 (2008).
    31. K.Y. Lo*, Shih-Chieh Lo, Chang-Feng Yu, Jung-Y Huang, Yi-Jen Huang, Ren-Chuan Chang and Sheng-Yuan Chu, “Optical second harmonic generation from the twin boundary of ZnO thin films grown on Silicon”, Applied Physics Letter, 92, 091909 (2008) .
    32. L.H. Hsu , K.Y. Lo*, S.A. Huang, C.Y. Huang and C.S. Yang,“The irreversible redshift of the transmission spectrum in gold nanoparticles doped in liquid crystals”, Applied Physics Letters, 92, 181112 (2008)
    33. C.Y. Huang, Y.R. Lin, K.Y. Lo* and Chia-Rong Lee, “Dynamic process of the photoalignment in dye-doped liquid crystals”, Applied Physics Letters 93, 181114 (2008). This paper is selected for the December 2008 issue of Virtual Journal of Ultrafast Science.
    34. C.R. Lee, S.H. Lin, H.C. Yeh, T.D. Ji, K.L. Lin, T.S. Mo, C.T. Kuo, K.Y.Lo, S.H. Chang, Andy Y.G. Fuh and S.Y. Huang, “Color cone lasing emission in a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal with a single pitch”, Optics Express 17, 19210 (2009)
    35. K.W. Chen, L.H. Hsu, J.K. Huang, Y.L. Wang and K.Y. Lo*, “A strategy copper plating method without annealing process”, accepted by Journal of Electrochemical Society 156, 448 (2009).
    36. C.Y. Huang, J.M. Ma, T.S. Mo, K.C. Lo, K.Y. Lo, and Chia-Rong Lee, “All-optical and polarization-independent spatial filter based on a vertically-aligned polymerstabilized liquid crystal film with a photoconductive layer”, Optics Express 17, 22386 (2009)
    37. Y.J. Huang, K.Y. Lo*, C.W. Liu, C.C. Liu and S.Y. Chu, “Characterization of the quality of ZnO thin films using reflective second harmonic generation”, Applied Physics Letters 95, 091904 (2009)
    38. Y.J. Huang, C.W. Liu, S.Y. Chu and K.Y. Lo*, “The formation of p-type ZnO films by thermal diffusion from the low-energy high-dose phosphorous implanted Si substrate”, Journal of Electrochemical Society, 157, 435 (2010) .
    39. C.Y. Huang, Z.Z. Cheng, K.Y. Lo*, and C.R. Lee, “Determine of polar anchoring energy of dye-doped liquid crystals by measuring capacitance”, Journal of Applied Physics 107, 123104 (2010).
    40. C.Y. Huang, H.Y. Tsai, Y.H. Wang, C.M. Huang, K.Y. Lo*, and C.R. Lee, “Linear polarization rotators based on dye-doped liquid crystal cells”, Applied Physics Letters, 96, 191103 (2010).
    41. Yi-Jen Huang, C.C. Liu, K.Y. Lo, S.Y. Chu, "Controlling surface shallow junction depth by a rapid thermal annealing process with low ambient pressure", Applied Surface Science, 257, 2494 (2011)
    42. C.Y. Huang, H.Y. Tsai, Y.H. Wang, C.M. Huang, K.Y. Lo*, and C.R. Lee,” Dual-Function Beam Shapers Fabricated by Photoaligned Liquid Crystal Cells”, Applied Physics Express, 4, 052502 (2011)
    43. C.J. Hsu, K.P. Chiu, J.T Lue and K.Y. Lo*, Enhancement of reflective second harmonic generation using periodically-arrayed silver-island films, Applied Physics Letters, 98, 261107 (2011)
    44. C.C. Liu, C.W. Liu, J.Y. Cheng, Y.J. Huang, and K.Y. Lo*, "Structural evolution of implanted vicinal Si(111) during annealing via analysis of the dipole contribution", Journal of Applied Physics, 110, 103520 (2011).
    45. C.C. Lin, Z.L. Tseng, K.Y. Lo, C.Y. Huang, C.S. Hong, S.Y. Chu*, C.C. Chang, and C. J. Wu, "Unipolar resistive switching behavior of Pt/LixZn1−xO/Pt resistive random access memory devices controlled by various defect types", Applied Physics Letters, 101, 203501 (2012)
    46. Y.J. Huang, M.F. Shih, C.P. Chou, K.Y. Lo and S.Y. Chu*, "Fabrication of p-Type ZnO Films Grown on Arsenic-Implanted Silicon via Thermal Diffusion at Various Substrate Temperatures", ECS J. Solid State Sci. Technol., 1, 276 (2012)
    47. C.W. Liu , S.J. Chang, C.C. Liu, and K.Y. Lo*,"Inspecting the surface of implanted Si(111) during annealing by reflective second harmonic generation: the influence of chamber pressure", Thin Solid Film 529, 282 (2013) .
    48. C.W. Liu, S.J. Chang, C.H. Hsiao, C.C. Liu, R.J. Huang, Y.S. Lin, M.C. Su, P.H. Wang and K.Y. Lo*, “Diluted Magnetic Nanosemiconductor: Fe-doped ZnO vertically aligned nanorod arrays with Room temperature ferromagnetism grown by hydrothermal synthesis”, IEEE nanotechnology, 12, 649 (2013)
    49. S.J. Chang, C.W. Liu, C.H. Hsiao, K.Y. Lo,S.J. Young, T.H. Kao, K.S. Tsai, and S.L. Wu, “Noise Properties of Fe-ZnO Nanorod Ultraviolet Photodetectors”, IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, 25, 2089 (2013).
    50. Hsieh CT, Ding PR, Liao CH, Su WC, Huang CY, Lin CH, Lo KY, Tien CJ, Hsu TF, "Polarization-independent distortion corrector fabricated using polymerdispersed liquid crystals", Applied Opitcs, 53, 383 (2014)
    51. Chung-Wei Liu, Shoou-Jinn Chang,Chih-Hung Hsiao, Ruei-Jie Huang, Yan-Shen Lin, Min-Chia Su, Peng-Han Wang, and Kuang-Yao Lo*, " Probing Surface Structure Quality of ZnO Nanorods by Second Harmonic Generation", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 26, 789-792 (2014)
    52. Chia-Ting Hsieh, Ghung-Yin Li, Tsung-Tai Wu, Chi-Yen Huang, Ching-Jui Tien, Kuang-Yao Lo and Chi-Huang Lin, "Twisted Nematic Dual-view Liquid Crystal Display Based on Patterned Electrodes" , IEEE Journal of Display Techology, 10, 464 (2014).
    53. Chung-Wei Liua, Shoou-Jinn Changa, Yen-Teng Ho, Sanjaya Brahmad, Li Chang , and Kuang-Yao Lo*, "Symmetrical dipole contribution from planar defects on m-plane ZnO epitaxial films", Current Nanoscience, 10, 883 (2014)
    54. Chung-Wei Liu, Shoou-Jinn Chang, Fellow, Chih-Hung Hsiao, Kuang-Yao Lo, Tsung-Hsien Kao,Bo-Chin Wang, Sheng-Joue Young, Kai-Shiang Tsai, and San-Lein Wu, "Noise Properties of Low-Temperature-Grown Co-Doped ZnO Nanorods as Ultraviolet Photodetectors", IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, 20, 3800707 (2014)
    55. Sanjaya Brahma, Kuang-Yao Lo, and S.A. Shivashankar, "Facile, low temperature (≤100 °C) growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanorods over an amorphous or disordered surface" , Materials Letter, 140, 177 (2014)
    56. Kuo Pin Chiu, Yun Chorng Chang, Chiau Yuan Lai, Shih Hsuan Chen, Tsung Jhe Wu, Chung Han Wang, Chia Hua Chan, Kuang Yao Lo*, "Grating-Vector-Assisted Plasmonic Coupling in a Hexagonally Arranged Silver Island Array", Plasmonics, (2015)
    57. Chung-Wei Liu, Shoou-Jinn Chang, Sanjaya Brahma, Chih-Hung Hsiao, Feng Ming Chang, Peng Han Wang, and Kuang-Yao Lo*, "Enhancement in the structure quality of ZnO nanorods by diluted Co dopants: Analyses via optical second harmonic generation",Journal of Applied Physics,117, 084315 (2015)
    58. Sanjaya Brahma, Jayakrishna Khatei, S Sunkara, K-Y Lo and S A Shivashankar, Self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles on ZnO microsheet: ultrafast synthesis and tunable photoluminescence properties, accepted, Jounal of Physics:D 48 225305 (2015)
    59. Chun-Chu Liu, Jun-Han Huang, Ching-Shun Ku, Shang-Jui Chiu, Jay Ghatak, Sanjaya Brahma, Chung-Wei Liu, Chuan-Pu Liu, & Kuang-Yao Lo*, “Crystal Orientation Dynamics of Collective Zn dots before Preferential Nucleation”, Scientific Reports 5, 12533 (2015)
    60. Chia-Ting Hsieh, Chia-Hao Chang, Chun-Yu Lin, Chi-Yen Huang, Che-Ju Hsu, Ching-Jui Tien, and Kuang-Yao Lo, “Dual-View Blue Phase Liquid Crystal Display “, JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY , 11, 575 (2015)
    61. Sanjaya Brahma, P. Jaiswal; K. S. Suresh; Kuang-Yao Lo, Satyam Suwas; S. A. Shivashankar, “Effect of substrates and surfactants over the evolution of crystallographic texture of nanostructured ZnO thin films deposited through microwave irradiation”, Thin Solid Films, 593, 81-90 (2015)
    62. Sanjaya Brahma, Chung-Wei Liu, R.J. Huang;Shoou-Jinn Chang; Kuang-Yao Lo*, “Flower-like ZnO nanorod arrays grown on HF etched Si (111): constrain relation between ZnO seed layer and Si(111)” Material Research Express 2 115003 (2015) (New journal from Nanotechnology).
    63. Li-Chi Kao, Li-Hsuan Hsu, Sanjaya Brahma, Bo-Chia Huang, Chun-Chu Liu and Kuang-Yao Lo “Stabilized copper plating method by programmed electroplated current: Accumulation of densely packed copper grains in the interconnect”, Applied Surface Science, 388, 228 (2016)
    64. Sanjaya Brahma, Chung-Wei Liu, and Kuang-Yao Lo*, “The evolution of restructure and defects in the implanted Si surface: inspecting by reflective second harmonic generation”, Applied Surface Science, 388, 517 (2016)
    65. JD Hwang, LC Luo, S Brahma, KY Lo, “The effect of high concentration of phosphorus in aluminum-induced crystallization of amorphous silicon films”, Thin Solid Film 618, 50-54 (2016).
    66. Bo-Jia Huang, Li-Chi Kao, Sanjaya Brahma, Yu-En Jeng, Shang-Jui Chiu, Ching-Shun Ku and Kuang-Yao Lo, Epitaxial Zn quantum dots coherently grown on Si(1 1 1): growth mechanism, nonlinear optical and chemical states analyses, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 50, 175301(2017)
    67. Fu-Ying Lee, Zong-Zhe Wu, Li-Chi Kao, Feng-Mei Chang, Sheng-Wen Chen, Shiu-Ko JangJian, Hui-Yu Cheng, Wei-Liang Chen, Yu-Ming Chang and Kuang Yao Lo, “The chemical states and atomic structure evolution of ultralow-energy high-dose Boron implanted Si(110) via laser annealing”, Scientific report, 7, 13022 (2017).
    68. Feng-Ming Chang, Zong-Zhe Wu, Yen-Fu Lin, Li-Chi Kao, Cheng-Ta Wu, Shiu-Ko JangJian, Yuan-Nian Chen and Kuang Yao Lo, “Damage and annealing recovery of boron-implanted ultra-shallow junction: the correlation between beam current and surface configuration”, Applied Surface Science, 433, 160-165 (2018)
    69. Li-Chi Kao, Po-Chia Huang, Yu-En Zheng, Kai-Teng Tu, Shang-Jui Chiu, Ching-Shun Ku and Kuang Yao Lo, “Thermal effect of Zn quantum dots grown on Si(111): Competition between relaxation and reconstraint”, Nanotechnology, 29 035705 (2018).
    70. Sanjaya Brahma, Chi-Wei Yang, Chiu-Hsin Wu, Feng-Ming Chang, Tsung-Jhe, Wu, Chien-Sheng Huang, Kuang-Yao Lo, “The optical response of ZnO nanorods induced by oxygen chemisorption and desorption”,Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 259, 900 (2018)
    71. Feng-Ming Chang, Zhong-Zhe Wu, Jing-Heng Huang, Wei-Ting Chen, Sanjaya Brahma and Kuang Yao Lo, Migration Energy Barriers for the Surface and Bulk of Self-Assembly ZnO Nanorods, Nanomaterials, 8, 811 (2018)
    72. Feng-Ming Chang, Jing-Heng Huang, Zhong-Zhe Wu, Sanjaya Brahma, Kuang-Yao Lo*, “The mechanism of oxygen deficiencies on restructured self-assembly ZnO Nanorods”, Scientific Reports, accepted (2019).